DIAMOND FIBRES     GLOSSARY.....

An explanation of many of the terms that you will find within the pages of our website:

  • CARDING  -  disentangling the fleece, so that each fibre is able to move freely
  • COMBING  -  separating long fibres (Top) from short fibres (Noil) and removing Neps
  • CONING  -  winding the yarn onto cardboard cones ready for use
  • COTTING  -  as in a 'cotted fleece' - an animal with a matted or felted fleece
  • DAG  -  dung-contaminated wool
  • DRAWING  -  machine pulling and stretching of the roving, to reduce weight and thickness
  • DRYING  -  drying...
  • GRADING  -  preferring and choosing wools for a particular purpose
  • HANKING  -  winding from a bobbin into a hank or skein, prior to washing the finished yarn
  • NEPS  -  short, lumpy fibres
  • PICKING  -  pre-carding operation which opens the fleece for more effective washing
  • ROVING  -  a thin, even, loosely twisted rope of fibre
  • SCOURING  -  washing
  • SKIRTING  -  removal of soiled edge of the fleece
  • SPINNING  -  production of yarn
  • STAPLE  -  the individual locks of fleece - from the outer tip to the cut
  • WASHING  -  the use of water and detergent to remove dirt, etc.
  • WOOL BREAK  -  an interruption in fleece growth, caused by stress or deficiency, resulting in a break of the staple
  • YARN  -  the finished product from spinning - consisting of fibres of wool, alpaca or mohair, or a combination
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DIAMOND FIBRES
Registered Office: Diamonds Farm, Horam, East Sussex, TN21 0HF
Registered in England No 2238590    VAT No 508 7000 71
Email: mail@diamondfibres.co.uk      'Phone/fax: +44-(0)1435-812414

 

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IN SOUTH-EAST ENGLAND